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Sales & Tech Support: 231-935-4044

Non-amplified Photodetectors User Guide

EOT NON-AMPLIFIED PHOTODETECTOR USER’S GUIDE

Thank you for purchasing your Non-amplified Photodetector from EOT. This user’s guide will help answer any questions you may have regarding the safe use and optimal operation of your Non-amplified Photodetector.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

I.  ​Non-amplified Photodetector Overview

II. Operation of your EOT Non-amplified Photodetector

III. Troubleshooting

IV. Drawings: Non-amplified Photodetectors

V. Specifications: Non-amplified Photodetectors

VI. Schematics: Non-amplified Photodetectors

VII. Warranty Statement and Repair

VIII. Glossary of Terms

 

I. Non-amplified Photodetector Overview

EOT’s Non-amplified Photodetectors contain PIN photodiodes that utilize the photovoltaic effect to convert optical power into an electrical current. Figure 1 below identifies the main elements of your Non-amplified Photodetector.

When terminated into 50Ω into an oscilloscope, the pulsewidth of a laser can be measured. When terminated into a spectrum analyzer, the frequency response of a laser can be measured. 

II. Operation of your EOT Non-amplified Photodetector

  1. Caution: Eye safety precautions must be followed when utilizing any equipment used in the vicinity of laser beams. Laser beams may reflect from the surface of the detector or the optical mount and caution must be exercised.
  1. Mount the detector to an optical stand by the mounting holes on the bottom of the detector housing.
  1. Adjust the voltage of the oscilloscope to 100mV/division before connecting the detector. On models with >3V bias supply, the signal may be large enough to damage the oscilloscope if this is not done.
  1. Connect the detector to the oscilloscope using a 50Ω coaxial cable that one meter or less.
  1. Use the 50Ω termination input of the oscilloscope. If the oscilloscope does not have a 50Ω input, connect the coaxial cable to a 50Ω terminator and connect this to the oscilloscope’s 1MΩ input.
  1. After being certain that the damage threshold of the detector is not exceeded, place the detector in the center of the laser beam. 

III. Troubleshooting

     A. No signal is seen the first time the detector is used.

  1. Be certain that the signal is not high off scale on the oscilloscope.
  2. Is the wavelength of the laser within the spectral range of the detector?
  3. Has a 50Ω termination input been used?
  4. Try moving the detector within the laser beam.
  5. Is there enough light (see sensitivity spec on the data sheet) incident on the detector to generate a signal?

     B. A signal has been previously obtained, but not currently.

  1. Try steps listed under A.
  2. Inspect the active area of the photodiode for any signs of damage.
  3. Try a higher input termination on the oscilloscope, but remember to return to 50Ω if this does not work.
  4. Test the power supply: 

a. Units with internal batteries will typically operate for several years, but operation with CW or high rep rate lasers can drain the batteries much faster. If a load is present at the output, current will be drawn from the batteries, so disconnect the BNC when not in use. Remove top cover to replace the 3V lithium cells with Duracell Model DL2430, positive side down.

b. Units with an external power supply should at least receive the voltage that is printed on the plug.

  1. You can terminate the detector in 1MΩ input of an oscilloscope to obtain a higher output voltage signal but this will decrease the detector’s bandwidth by a factor of 5x10-5.

     C. Increasing the power incident on the detector does not result in a higher voltage signal on the oscilloscope:

  1. The detector is probably saturated. You should lower the power incident on the detector to a level below the saturation point.

 IV. Drawings: Non-amplified Photodetectors

     A. ET-2000, ET-2030 Dimensions: 

     B. ET-2040, ET-2070 Dimensions:

     C. ET-2060 Dimensions: 

     D. ET-3000, ET-3040 Dimensions: 

     E. ET-3010 Dimensions:

    F. ET-3020 Dimensions:

V. Specifications: Non-amplified Photodetectors

     A. Silicon Photodetectors:

Part No.(Model)
120-10000-0001
(ET-2000)
120-10011-0001
(ET-2030)
120-10028-0001
(ET-2040)
120-10133-0001
(ET-2060)
120-10134-0001
(ET-2070)
Rise Time/Fall Time
<350ps/<350ps
<300ps/<300ps
<30ns/<30ns
<320ps/<320ps 3ns/3ns
Responsivity at 830nm
0.03A/W
0.47A/W
0.6A/W
0.47A/W 0.56A/W
Power Supply
3VDC
9VDC
24VDC
9VDC 24VDC
Bandwidth
>1.0GHz
>1.2GHz
>25MHz
>1.1GHz >118MHz
Active Area Diameter
110μm x 55μm
0.4mm
4.57mm
0.4mm 2.55mm
Dark Current 
<0.11nA
<0.1nA
<10nA
<0.1nA <10nA
Acceptance Angle (1/2 angle)
20°
10°
60°
N/Aa 50°
Noise Equivalent Power
<0.15pW/√Hz
<0.01pW/√Hz
<0.09pW/√Hz
<0.01pW/√Hz <0.10pW/√Hz
Maximum Linear Rating
CW current: 20mA
Energy per 10ns pulse: 20µJ
CW current: 3mA
Pulse current: 3mA
CW current: 2mA
Optical input: 3mW
CW current: 3mA
Optical input: 3mA
CW current: 2.5mA
Pulse current: 15mA
Mounting (Tapped Holes)
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4 8-32 or M4
Output Connector
BNC
BNC
BNC
BNC BNC

aIncludes FC receptacle

     B. InGaAs Photodetectors:

Part No. (Model)
120-10034-0001
(ET-3000)
120-10050-0001
(ET-3010)
120-10054-0001
(ET-3020)
120-10056-0001
(ET-3040)
Rise Time/Fall Time
<175ps/<175ps
<175ps/<175ps
<6ns/<250ps
<1.25ns/<3.70ns
Responsivity at 1300nm
0.9A/W
0.85A/Wb
0.9A/W
0.9A/W
Power Supply
6VDC
6VDC
Non-biasedc
3VDC
Bandwidth
>2GHz
>1.5GHz
>2.5MHz
>50MHz
Active Area Diameter
100μm
100μm
3.0mm
1.0mm
Dark Current 
<2.0nA
<1.0nA
N/A
<10nA
Acceptance Angle (1/2 angle)
20⁰
N/Aa
50⁰
50⁰
Noise Equivalent Power 
<0.03pW/√Hz
<0.02pW/√Hz
5pW/√Hz
<0.06pW/√Hz
Maximum Linear Rating
CW current: 5mA
CW current: 5mA
CW current: 5mA
CW current: 5mA
Mounting (Tapped Holes)
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
Output Connector
BNC
BNC
BNC
BNC

aIncludes FC receptacle
bMeasured with 50µm, 0.2NA GI fiber
cOperates in photovoltaic mode

VI. Schematics: Non-amplified Photodetectors

 

VII. Warranty Statement and Repair

EOT warrants its products to be free from defects in material and workmanship and complies with all specifications. EOT will at its option, repair or replace any product or component found to be defective during the warranty period. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser and is not transferrable for a period of one year after date of original shipment. The foregoing warranties shall not apply, and EOT reserves the right to refuse warranty service, should malfunction or failure result from:

a. Damage caused by improper installation, handling or use.

b. Unauthorized product modification or repair.

c. Operation outside the environmental or damage specifications of the product.

d. Contamination not reported to EOT within 30 days of the original ship date.

e. EOT’s output isolators contain a “spacer” at the end of the isolator. Under certain   conditions, an off-axis back-reflection from the workpiece could focus down onto the output displacer or polarizer inside the isolator. The purpose of the spacer is to eliminate the conditions under which this could happen. Should EOT’s output isolators be purchased without the spacer, or should the spacer be removed, damage to the output displacer or polarizer will not be covered under warranty and the customer will be responsible for all costs associated with such an occurrence. 

This warranty is exclusive in lieu of all other warranties whether written, oral, or implied. EOT specifically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall EOT be liable for an indirect, incidental, or consequential damages in connection with its products.

If the customer believes there is a problem with the photodetector, they should immediately contact EOT’s Sales/Customer department at 231-935-4044 or customerservice@eotech.com.  EOT’s Customer Service department will either issue an RMA for the device, or provide the customer with a procedure and authorize the customer to modify the device.  All returns should reference the RMA number on the outside of the shipping container and should be sent to:

Electro-Optics Technology, Inc.
Attn: Sales/Customer Service
3340 Parkland Ct.
Traverse City, MI 46986   USA

EOT reserves the right to inspect photodetectors returned under warranty to assess if the problem was caused by a manufacturer defect.  If EOT determines the problem is not due to a manufacturer defect, repairs will be done at the customer’s expense.  EOT will always provide a written quote for repair prior to performing repairs at the customer’s expense. 

VIII. Glossary of Terms

Bandwidth: The range of frequencies from 0Hz (DC) to the frequency at which the amplitude decreases by 3dB. Bandwidth and rise time can be approximately related by the equation: 

Bandwidth ≈ 0.35/rise time for a Gaussian pulse input.

Bias Voltage: The photodiode’s junction capacitance can be modified by applying a reverse voltage.  The bias voltage reduces the junction capacitance, which causes the photodiode to have a faster response.

BNC Connector: Used to connect the customer’s coaxial cable.

Dark Current: When a termination is present, a dark current (nA range) will flow if the photodiode is biased.  Disconnecting the coaxial cable will prevent this current from flowing.

Decoupling Capacitor: Maintains bias voltage when fast pulses cause the battery voltage to reduce (this would slow the response time of the photodiode); the capacitor allows the battery to recover to its initial voltage.  It also acts as a filter for external power supplies.

Noise Equivalent Power (NEP): A function of responsivity and dark current and is the minimum optical power needed for an output signal to noise ratio of 1.  Dark current is the current that flows through a reverse biased photodiode even when light is not present, and is typically on the order of nA.  Shot noise (Ishot) is a source of noise generated in part by dark current; in the case of reversed biased diodes it is the dominant contributor. NEP is calculated from shot noise and responsivity.  For example, for an ET-2040: dark current <20nA, responsivity @ 830nm = 0.5 A/W:

  q = charge on an electron

Photodiode: Converts photons into a photocurrent.

Resistor: Protects the photodiode from excessive current.  This could occur if an external power supply was too high in voltage, or if its polarity were reversed; this happens when a customer uses their own power supply.

Responsivity: In amps per watt (A/W), responsivity is the current output of the photodiode for a given input power, and is determined by the diode structure.  Responsivity varies with wavelength and diode material.

Rise Time/Fall Time:  Rise Time is the time taken by a signal to change from a specified low value to a specified high value. Fall Time is the time taken for the amplitude of a pulse to decrease from a specified value to another specified value. A larger junction capacitance will slow the detector’s response time.