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Sales & Tech Support: 231-935-4044

Amplified High Speed Photodetectors User Guide

EOT AMPLIFIED HIGH SPEED PHOTODETECTOR USER’S GUIDE

Thank you for purchasing your Amplified High Speed Photodetector from EOT. This user’s guide will help answer any questions you may have regarding the safe use and optimal operation of your Amplified High Speed Photodetector.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

I.  ​Amplified High Speed Photodetector Overview

II. Operation of your EOT Amplified High Speed Photodetector

III. Troubleshooting

IV. Drawings: Amplified High Speed Photodetectors

V. Specifications: Amplified High Speed Photodetectors

VI. Schematics: Amplified High Speed Photodetectors

VII. Warranty Statement and Repair

VIII. Glossary of Terms

 

I. Amplified High Speed Photodetector Overview 

EOT’s Amplified Photodetectors contain PIN photodiodes that utilize the photovoltaic effect to convert optical power into an electrical current and a fixed gain transimpedance amplifier allowing measurement of <1mW input powers. Figure 1 below identifies the main elements of your Amplified High Speed Photodetector. 

When terminated into 50Ω into an oscilloscope, the pulsewidth of a laser can be measured. When terminated into a spectrum analyzer, the frequency response of a laser can be measured. 

II. Operation of your EOT Amplified High Speed Photodetector

  1. Caution: Eye safety precautions must be followed when utilizing any equipment used in the vicinity of laser beams. Laser beams may reflect from the surface of the detector or the optical mount and caution must be exercised.
  1. Mount the detector to an optical stand by the mounting holes on the bottom of the detector housing.
  1. Adjust the voltage of the oscilloscope to 20mV/division before connecting the detector.
  1. Connect the detector to the oscilloscope using a coaxial cable designed for 10GHz operation. The DC Monitor cable can be a general purpose cable.
  1. Use the 50Ω termination input of the oscilloscope.
  1. Connect the DC Monitor to a high impedance device such as a multimeter. Set the device to millivolts or volts. The output of the DC Monitor converts the average photodiode current to a voltage output of 1mV/uA. The DC Monitor output has an offset voltage of less than 2mV.
  1. Note that the external power supply is a 5VDC regulated supply with a positive center pin. Using an unregulated power supply or any supply other than 5VDC could damage the detector.
  1. After being certain that the damage threshold of the detector is not exceeded, place the detector in the center of the laser beam.
  1. Align the detector for the desired output using either the signal output or the DC Monitor (Note: the signal output is AC coupled). If a CW laser is used for beam alignment, the DC Monitor output should be used. 

III. Troubleshooting

     A. No signal is seen the first time the detector is used.

  1. Is the power switch on? Is the external power supply connected?  
  2. Is your signal a CW signal? If so, there will not be a signal output present because the detector is AC coupled. There would be an output from the DC Monitor.
  3. Be certain that the signal is not high off scale on the oscilloscope.
  4. Is the wavelength of the laser within the spectral range of the detector?
  5. Has a 50Ω termination input been used?
  6. Try moving the detector within the laser beam.
  7. Is there enough light incident on the detector to generate a signal? The detector’s small active area makes alignment somewhat difficult.

     B. A signal has been previously obtained, but not currently.

  1. Try steps listed under A.
  2. Inspect the active area of the photodiode for any signs of damage.
  3. Recheck if the voltage is preset at the external power supply plug.

     C. Increasing the power incident on the detector does not result in a higher voltage signal no the oscilloscope.

  1. The detector is probably saturated. You should lower the power incident on the detector to a level below the saturation point. 

IV. Drawings: Amplified High Speed Photodetectors

     A. ET-3500A, ET-4000A, ET-5000A Dimensions:

V. Specifications: Amplified High Speed Photodetectors

Part No. (Model)
120-10060-0001a (ET-3500A)
120-10073-0001a (ET-4000A)
120-10115-0001a (ET-5000A)
Detector Material
InGaAs
GaAs
GaAs
Rise Time/Fall Time 
<40ps/<40ps
<40ps/<40ps
<40ps/<40ps
Conversion Gain 
>900V/W at 1300nm
530V/W at 830nm
1300V/W at 2000nm
Power Supply
5VDC
5VDC
5VDC
Bandwidth
20kHz-9GHz
20kHz-9GHz
20kHz-9GHz
Active Area Diameter 
32µm
60µm
40µm
Acceptance Angle (1/2 angle)
15°
15°
20°
Noise Equivalent Power 
<25pW/√Hz
<45pW/√Hz
<17pW/√Hz
Maximum Linear Rating 
450mV p-p
450mV p-p
450mV p-p
Mounting (Tapped Holes)
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
8-32 or M4
Output Connector
SMA
SMA
SMA

a Not suitable for CW applications.

 

VI. Schematics: Amplified High Speed Photodetectors

VII. Warranty Statement and Repair

EOT warrants its products to be free from defects in material and workmanship and complies with all specifications. EOT will at its option, repair or replace any product or component found to be defective during the warranty period. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser and is not transferrable for a period of one year after date of original shipment. The foregoing warranties shall not apply, and EOT reserves the right to refuse warranty service, should malfunction or failure result from:

a. Damage caused by improper installation, handling or use.

b. Unauthorized product modification or repair.

c. Operation outside the environmental or damage specifications of the product.

d. Contamination not reported to EOT within 30 days of the original ship date.

e. EOT’s output isolators contain a “spacer” at the end of the isolator. Under certain   conditions, an off-axis back-reflection from the workpiece could focus down onto the output displacer or polarizer inside the isolator. The purpose of the spacer is to eliminate the conditions under which this could happen. Should EOT’s output isolators be purchased without the spacer, or should the spacer be removed, damage to the output displacer or polarizer will not be covered under warranty and the customer will be responsible for all costs associated with such an occurrence. 

This warranty is exclusive in lieu of all other warranties whether written, oral, or implied. EOT specifically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall EOT be liable for an indirect, incidental, or consequential damages in connection with its products.

If the customer believes there is a problem with the photodetector, they should immediately contact EOT’s Sales/Customer department at 231-935-4044 or customerservice@eotech.com.  EOT’s Customer Service department will either issue an RMA for the device, or provide the customer with a procedure and authorize the customer to modify the device.  All returns should reference the RMA number on the outside of the shipping container and should be sent to:

Electro-Optics Technology, Inc.
Attn: Sales/Customer Service
3340 Parkland Ct.
Traverse City, MI 46986   USA

EOT reserves the right to inspect photodetectors returned under warranty to assess if the problem was caused by a manufacturer defect.  If EOT determines the problem is not due to a manufacturer defect, repairs will be done at the customer’s expense.  EOT will always provide a written quote for repair prior to performing repairs at the customer’s expense. 

VIII. Glossary of Terms

Amplifier: Provides a power gain of 26dB throughout the photodiode’s bandwidth. The photodiode current is converted to an output voltage.

Bandwidth: Unlike non-amplified photodetector bandwidth, which is defined as the range of frequencies from 0Hz (DC) to the frequency at which the amplitude decreases by 3dB, the amplified photodetectors have a low frequency cutoff of -3dB, which is greater than 0Hz due to the DC Block Capacitor. Bandwidth and rise time can be approximately related by the equation: 

Bandwidth ≈ 0.35/rise time for a Gaussian pulse input.

Bias Voltage: The photodiode’s junction capacitance can be modified by applying a reverse voltage.  The bias voltage reduces the junction capacitance, which causes the photodiode to have a faster response.

Conversion Gain: The relative level of the optical input power that is amplified and converted into a voltage output.

Dark Current: When a termination is present, a dark current (nA range) will flow if the photodiode is biased.  Disconnecting the coaxial cable will prevent this current from flowing.

DC Block Capacitor: Prevents the DC voltage that is supplied through the amplifier output from exiting the detector which would cause a large DC offset voltage. Therefore, the amplified detector is an AC coupled device and will have a low cut-off frequency as well as a high cut-off frequency.

Decoupling Capacitor: Maintains bias voltage when fast pulses cause the battery voltage to reduce (this would slow the response time of the photodiode); the capacitor allows the battery to recover to its initial voltage.  It also acts as a filter for external power supplies.

Noise Equivalent Power (NEP): A function of responsivity and dark current and is the minimum optical power needed for an output signal to noise ratio of 1.  Dark current is the current that flows through a reverse biased photodiode even when light is not present, and is typically on the order of nA.  Shot noise (Ishot) is a source of noise generated in part by dark current; in the case of reversed biased diodes it is the dominant contributor.

Photodiode: Converts photons into a photocurrent.

Resistor: Protects the photodiode from excessive current.  This could occur if an external power supply was too high in voltage, or if its polarity were reversed; this happens when a customer uses their own power supply.

Responsivity: In amps per watt (A/W), responsivity is the current output of the photodiode for a given input power, and is determined by the diode structure.  Responsivity varies with wavelength and diode material.

Rise Time/Fall Time:  Rise Time is the time taken by a signal to change from a specified low value to a specified high value. Fall Time is the time taken for the amplitude of a pulse to decrease from a specified value to another specified value. A larger junction capacitance will slow the detector’s response time. 

SMA Connector: Used to connect the customer’s coaxial cable for high frequencies.